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Modern day Japanese consists of Kanji and Kana. Kanji was derived from traditional Chinese characters, but many differences exists between the two today. Kana conists of Hiragana and Katakana which are both a syllabary with around 100 characters (and combinations) that are used in everyday Japanese.

Hiragana is used to write native words for which there are no kanji. Also hiragana is used in words for which the kanji form is obscure, not known to the writer or readers, or too formal for the writing purpose.

Katakana is primarily used for transcription of foreign language words into Japanese and the writing of loan words, as well as to represent onomatopoeia, technical and scientific terms, and the names of plants, animals, and minerals. Names of Japanese companies as well as certain Japanese language words are also written in katakana rather than the other systems.

The group of characters called gojūon are the basics of kana. Some gojūon characters can be joined with a smaller version of ya, yu, yo to form a modified sound. These character combinations are called yōon.
Additionally some gojūon and yōon can have two small lines or a small circle (dakuten) added to the upper right corner of their character to form gojūon with dakuten and yōon with dakuten. ん, ン is a special chase character which in addition to being the only kana not ending with a vowel sound, is also the only kana that does not begin any words in standard Japanese.



,
(a)

,
(i)

,
(u)

,
(e)

,
(o)

,
(ka)

,
(ki)

,
(ku)

,
(ke)

,
(ko)

きゃ, キャ
(kya)

きゅ, キュ
(kyu)

きょ, キョ
(kyo)

,
(sa)

,
(shi)

,
(su)

,
(se)

,
(so)

しゃ, シャ
(sha)

しゅ, シュ
(shu)

しょ, ショ
(sho)

,
(ta)

,
(chi)

,
(tsu)

,
(te)

,
(to)

ちゃ, チャ
(cha)

ちゅ, チュ
(chu)

ちょ, チョ
(cho)

,
(na)

,
(ni)

,
(nu)

,
(ne)

,
(no)

にゃ, ニャ
(nya)

にゅ, ニュ
(nyu)

にょ, ニョ
(nyo)

,
(ha)

,
(hi)

,
(fu)

,
(he)

,
(ho)

ひゃ, ヒャ
(hya)

ひゅ, ヒュ
(hyu)

ひょ, ヒョ
(hyo)

,
(ma)

,
(mi)

,
(mu)

,
(me)

,
(mo)

みゃ, ミャ
(mya)

みゅ, ミュ
(myu)

みょ, ミョ
(myo)

,
(ya)

,
(yu)

,
(yo)

,
(ra)

,
(ri)

,
(ru)

,
(re)

,
(ro)

りゃ, リャ
(rya)

りゅ, リュ
(ryu)

りょ, リョ
(ryo)

,
(wa)

,
(o)

,
(n)

,
(ga)

,
(gi)

,
(gu)

,
(ge)

,
(go)

ぎゃ, ギャ
(gya)

ぎゅ, ギュ
(gyu)

ぎょ, ギョ
(gyo)

,
(za)

,
(ji)

,
(zu)

,
(ze)

,
(zo)

じゃ, ジャ
(ja)

じゅ, ジュ
(ju)

じょ, ジョ
(jo)

,
(da)

,
(ji)

,
(zu)

,
(de)

,
(do)

ぢゃ, ヂャ
(ja)

ぢゅ, ヂュ
(ju)

ぢょ, ヂョ
(jo)

,
(ba)

,
(bi)

,
(bu)

,
(be)

,
(bo)

びゃ, ビャ
(bya)

びゅ, ビュ
(byu)

びょ, ビョ
(byo)

,
(pa)

,
(pi)

,
(pu)

,
(pe)

,
(po)

ぴゃ, ピャ
(pya)

ぴゅ, ピュ
(pyu)

ぴょ, ピョ
(pyo)




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